History of araria

About history of araria


Araria has a completely prestigious past although shrouded in midst of uncertainties. Some passages in the Mahabharata (Sabha Parva a & Vana Parva) describing the consequences of Bhima inside the japanese India grant precious facts concerning the antiquity of the Araria district.


In ancient times ruled via three critical clans of Indian records Araria can be termed as a place of confluence of three absolutely exceptional cultures. The essential tribe of Kiratas governed the northern facet , whilst the jap side was underneath the Pundras and area west of the river Kosi, at that point flowing someplace close to the prevailing Araria, by means of Angas.
Angas are believed to be the earliest population of the district, commonly within the vicinity west of the river Kosi and these are the various easternmost tribes as defined inside the Atharva-Samhita acknowledged to the Aryans. Pundras are said to be the descendents of Saint Vishwamitra. Whereas the Kiratas had been some of the few maximum important ruling clans of that time. It's miles to said that Raja Virat of Mahabharata had married a Kiranti woman who was the sister of Raja Kichaka , King of Kiratas.


Manu regards the Kiratas as Kshatriyas. Mahadeva become related to Kiratas and Bhima meets the Kiratas within the east of Mithila, i.E. The existing Araria district. He is credited with having defeated seven of the Kiratas rulers through war.

Kiratas are defined within the Kirata-Parva and Vana-Parva of Mahabharata and they were taken into consideration so effective that even the Lord Shiva is stated to have taken the shape of a Kirata.
During the Mauryan period this area fashioned the part of the Mauryan Empire and in step with Asokavadana the Emperor Asoka put to loss of life many naked heretics of this vicinity who had done regardless of to the Budhist religion. In later instances the district fashioned the part of the empire of Imperial Guptas city.
In the sixth century A.D. The region south of the Himalayan pilgrim center of Varaha Kshetra, particularly the Gupta kings Budhgupta and Devagupta gave Koti-varsha for the preservation of the said pilgrim centre. Gift district of Araria seems to be a part of the Koti-varsa.
A brief account of this region and its human beings has been left through Huen-tsang, the well-known chinese vacationer , who visited about 640 A.D. As he saw it had a flourishing population and become studded with tanks , hospices and flowering groves. The land changed into low and humid with plentiful crops and genial climate.


Consistent with the historic history of India by way of S.Beal the location west of the river Mahananda, i.E., the prevailing Araria district was held by using the Vrijis, a confederacy of tribes, who had are available in from Nepal many centuries before.
At the start of 7th century the tract now protected in the district appears to had been below Sasanka , the effective king of Gauda. He become worshipper of Lord Shiva and hated Buddhism. He destroyed the Budhist convents and scattered the monks sporting his persecutions toward the Nepalese hills.


Harsha, the wonderful Budhist ruler of 7th century defeated Sasanka. However after the loss of life of Harsha it appears possibly that Araria have become part of Magadhan Empire underneath Aditya sena. From the ninth to 12th century it become under the Pala kings and on their decline became situation to the Senas of Bengal.
On the end of 12th century the Muslims below Bakhtiyar Khilji burst down upon Bengal shaking Bihar. Bakhtiar removed the seat of government to Lakhnauti (Gaur) and from this centre Ghiasuddin Iwaz (1211-26) extended the location of Muslim manipulate over the entire country known as Gaur in addition to Bihar and his rule became mentioned by using the encircling tracts consisting of Tirhut.
However it appears due to an impenetrable community of rivers interspersed with large patches of jungle, the region of Muslim control couldn't enlarge to the northern portion of the erstwhile Purnea district, i.E., the prevailing Araria district. As a result the existing Araria district appears nevertheless to were held through the hill tribes of Nepal.


It become no longer less than the 18th century that it could be gained from the northern tribes. Inside the yr 1738, the military governor of Purnea Nawab Saif Khan, son of an Afgan Amir, recovered the place north of the Jalalgarh fortress as much as Jogbani (i.E., the prevailing Araria district) from the Rajput kings of Morung. Saif Khan appointed one Raja Nandlal as the administrator of the newly annexed region, who is credited to have constructed the temple of Lord Shiva at Madanpur.


Saif Khan after forcing the hill tribes lower back to the terai, cleared the jungles and brought the place under cultivation. He also defeated the Birnagar leader and subjugated his territory. Birnagar protected the vicinity west of river Kosi, presently the entire vicinity below Raniganj and Bhargama blocks and some part of Narpatganj.
In the yr 1765 though the location came beneath the Dewani of East India company, it became endured to be dominated via the Nawabs of Purnea until 1770. Within the equal yr a British supervisor, later to be known as District Justice of the Peace and Collector Mr. G.G.Ducarrel become published and in view that then it has the equal records as Purnea. But some unique activities related to the history of this region are really worth mentioning.


When in 1738 Saif Khan annexed this location, i.E., the present Araria district, he gave it to the circle of relatives of Purnea Raja, an old ruling family of this district. This family had its headquarters at Pahsara close to Raniganj. They belonged to the Surgan Lauam family of Shrotriya Brahmins of Mithila. Maharaja Samar Singh turned into the founding father of the own family in the course of the regime of Shah Jahan, the tycoon king of India. After Samar Singh his son Krishnadev became the ruler, observed via Vishwanath, Veernarayan, Narnarayan, Ramchandranarayan, and Indranarayan all having the identify of Maharaja. Indra died in 1784. After his loss of life his wife Maharani Indrawati have become the ruler. She ruled until her loss of life in 1803. The present day British writers have defined her as one of the maximum able rulers. The location under her management covered the purganas of Sultanpur, Sripur, Nathpur, Gorari, Katihar, Gondwara, Tira Khardah, Asja and others.


Indrawati had built a beautiful palace at Pahsara, which now stands in ruins and a number of temples. This kind of temples dedicated to Lord Shiva remains present in the Basaiti village of Raniganj block. Successor. But the descendents of Maharaja Samar’s 2nd son Raja Bhagirath of Sauriya branch placed their claim over the big estate of Maharani and a quarrel issued.


Within the yr 1815 Raja Bhaiyajee Jha died having one son named Vijaygovinda, who have become the Raja. Vijaygovinda had sons Kumar Vijay Gopal Singh and Kumar Bhav Gopal Singh . However each died with out a son. The quarrel of the succession ruined the large estate of Indrawati and in 1820 the property became purchased via Babu Pratap Singh, banker of Murshidabad and Babu Nakchhed Lal grandfather of Raja percent.Lal of Purnea town. Pratap Singh purchased whole Sultanpur and Sripur parganas. His descendents sold the pargana of Sultanpur to Alexander John Forbes.

A.J.Forbes changed into a military adventurer and had taken element within the adventures of Northwest India . He changed into also inside the group of Commissioner xmas of Bhagalpur while combating the rebels of 73rd native infantory.A.J.Forbes based the Sultanpur estate and some of indigo factories located at specific places in this district. The sub divisional metropolis of Forbesganj is known as after him.
Due to its proximity with the worldwide boundary of Nepal the problems from throughout the borders constantly had been a special subject for the administrators of this district. In the time of British rule the Nepalese sardars used to the topics of this place.
In 1770, Ducarrel the supervisor or Collector at Purnea mentioned that Budhkaran who have been the Dewan of the deceased Raja Kamdat Singh of Morung turned into plundering the company’s frontiers and placing the topics to flight. Ducarrel’s suggestion changed into to increase the impact via rendering navy help to Regonault who changed into opposing Budhkaran.


Depredations of the religious mendicants (Fakirs) turned into also one of the problems from the north and exceptionally it had been the Dacoits who after committing crimes on this place took shelter in Morung. A majority of these pressured the district management to have a extreme thought in regard of the issues from the north. Once more in the yr 1788 the collector of Purnea wrote to the board of sales that the conquest of Morung via the Gorkhas in defiance of Mr. Hasting’s order, the assassination of the younger Raja and their repeated ravages on our frontier, that not anything however a decisive step might be enough to restrain them within their bounds. In step with O’Malley the aggression of the Nepalese endured during the following century. In 1808 the Gorkha Governor of Morung seized the complete zamindari of Bheemnagar. This flagrant encroachment couldn't be over looked and in June 1809 a detachment of troops changed into despatched from Purnea to the frontiers. Climax to some of these occurring become the Indo Nepalese warfare of 1811 – 12 and after this war the prevailing boundary among Araria (India) and Nepal became determined.


Inside the first conflict of independence of 1857 Araria additionally witnessed some skirmishes among the mutineers and the commissioner yule’s forces, which took place near Nathpur. In view of the 1857 episode and different trends regarding the regulation & order, within the 12 months 1864 Araria was constituted as Sub-division by merging the small divisions of Araria, Matiari, Dimia, components of Haveli and Bahadurganj to offer higher administration and in the end it became a district in 1990.

Purnia has been born three districts after partitioned of purnea particularly as, Katihar in 1976, Araria in 1990 and Kishanganj in 1990.

Araria foundation day celebrating on 14 January
i. e Makar-Sankranti.


Islamic history of araria : Muslim in araria 


The network is hooked up to the Deobandi school of thought of sunni sect. Believing inside the Deobandi, the human beings engaged itself with Tablighi Jamaat(TJ). Tablighi Jamaat is working very properly inside the betterment of the network and due to this, many humans take 'Jama'at-e-Tarteeb' (a 3 days Jamaat) transferring in the local to spread the message of Islam. This establishes sturdy relation bonds between the human beings of various areas. The 3 days 'Jama'at-e-Tarteeb' is believed to be a need to flow in a month, 'Jama'at-e-Chilla' (Jamaat of forty days which actions via states) in a yr and 'Jama'at-e-Chahar-maah' (Jamaat of four months which also actions to foreign) within the entire existence of a Muslim individual.

Muslim regions of Kulhaiyas, shaikhra, Shershahabadiahave, sujapuri primary mosques (Jama-Masjids and mosque Khalilabad) with at least on Jamaat group for dawah coming from a few unique part according to the furnished course from the Tablighi Jamaat office. The gadget works very smoothly and sincerely. In mosques after dua the Jama'at declares people to have a sit down near them and then they deliver their motives of coming to the mosque and request the listeners to consider going to someplace creating a Jama'at. Muslims take eager hobby in hospitality of the Jama'ats of their local mosques and after the namaaz supplied, the host talks to the Ameer (the chief of a Jama'at) for hospitality in advance.

अपने पसंद के टॉपिक पर क्लिक करें ! 

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