कुल्हैया मुस्लिम का इतिहास, बिहार सीमांचल में !

By: M. S. Nashtar Last Edited: 28 Oct 2018 10:48 AM

Kulhaiya Muslim Purnea and Araria 

History of kulhaiya : Origin, past and present 

The Kulhaiya is Muslim community found in the Purnea, Araria Kishanganj, Katihar district of Bihar in India and southern part (mainly Denniya) in Nepal. They are sub-groups of Shaikh community.

Origine of Kulhaiya community

Individuals who began this Muslim community in seemanchal location were basically Arabs and feature inhabited India for more than 1000 years. Few contributors of the network are stated to be the descendants of Hazrat Abu Baqar Siddiqui , a accomplice of prophet Muhammad. As Arabs and different parts of Indian Muslims had been reaching all areas of Bihar to spread Islam, some of them reached to the Purnia district of Bihar to settled, and they are tried to spread Islam.

Initially all Muslims are seemanchal area belong to Shaikh community.

They are spread three distinct sub communities, the Kulhaiya ( Khutta ), Surjapuri, Shaikhra and some of them are Shaikh on the basis of local language but cultural are same.

Name of Kulhaiya

Kulhaiya' is said to intend 'cap wearer' as the phrase 'kulah' means 'cap' in Persian and refers to distinctive pleader topi .

This makes the kulhaiyas modest. In keeping with a few other faculty of concept, the modesty of Kulhaiyas is described as- 'kul ' way 'overall' and 'haya' method 'decency'and kulhaiyas famous as overall decency.

Mughal time of Kulhaiya

Really Kulahiyas served as soldiers inside the Mughal Empire, the Faujdars of Purnia on the time of a Mughal nawab Saif Ali Khan on the recommendation of Delhi Sultanate appointed kulahiyas to guard Indian border at the side of Nepal.

British rule and Kulhaiya

The British rule majority of Kulhaiyas suffered for education, Health related problems, financial problems and security but some kulhaiya enjoyed British rule who supported. Kulhaiyas served as soldiers during Mughal Empire thats reason, British officers punished kulhaiya community peoples . Landlordship ( zamindari) established by British Government like Mahmadia estate , who collected agricultural tax. Many areas seemanchal exploited by the landlords treating people badly like animals and they never wanted kulhaiya people to be literate so they could successfully play their landlordship rules .

In1934, peoples of seemanchal area badly affected by the earthquake. Kulhaiyas suffered from epidemics diseases like cholera, smallpox and malaria.
At that time there were limited facilities for higher education in this area and the students migrated to Calcutta or Patna or Makhtab at home . Toughest time of history to Kulhaiyas for survival exactly opposite to Mughal Empire.

Kulhaiya peoples actively participated Kisan Sabha movement. Kisan Sabha movement originated against the land-lordism and agricultural economy. After 1940–41, the kisan sabha movement slowly merged into the National Congress Movement.
Kulhaiya peoples actively participated all movements of freedom like Nagpur session, Non-Cooperation, and Quit India Movement but historians did not find his/her sacrifices for Indian freedom.

After freedom of India ( 15 August 1947)

Kulhaiya community suffering from all basic requirements like lack of School, college, Hospital, roads and security. Few people get education and mostly are agriculture labours. Economy based on agricultural practice, small shops and tongas or Bell Gadi. Kulhaiya peoples believe on multiple marriage of male and divorce. Parental properties transfer to son only and Like Male child.

Late Md. Tahir Hushan first kulhaiya MP from Kishanganj during 1957-1967, he belongs to Majgama near Bara Idgah, Purnea. He advocated female education and its right.
Late Md. Tahir Hushan very close relation with Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India as result seemanchal part of India. People of this area mainly effected by flood and worst condition in 1987. Many people migrated to Panjab, New Delhi, Hyderabad and Chandigarh for labour jobs. Few people have pakka house, toilet and mostly people drink hand tube Well water. Tube Well water contains iron and salt which is unsafe for drinking.

After 1990

A massive variety of migration is visible because of loss of university, health facility and enterprise in Purnea and Araria. Maximum of the children in the intervening time are migrating to distinctive towns for his or her better schooling and training at Bangalore, Delhi, and Hyderabad are their favored places for pursuing better training. However a big portion of the population are labourers also migrated to earn cash.

The primary cabinet legal the inclusion of a Muslim caste thus far among OBCs, and inside the EBC list in Bihar. Root cause of development of Kulhaiyas is Migration and reservations. Kulhaiya is now growing within the subject of training as it's the simple need to pair up with the current global. Many outstanding knowledgeable figures also are in the network operating in special fields. Many college students qualifies UPSC, IIT-JEE, Medical and BPSC. Socio-economical situations are enhancing developments due better roads, modern farming, minority scholarships, local leadership and better schooling.

Exercise of Islam

The network is connected to the Deobandi faculty of idea of sunni. Believing within the Deobandi, the people engaged itself with Tablighi Jamaat. Tablighi Jamaat is operating very well within the betterment of the community and because of this, many human beings take 'Jama'at-e-Tarteeb' (a three days Jamaat) moving within the local place to spread the message of Islam. This establishes strong bonds among the people of different areas. The 3 days 'Jama'at-e-Tarteeb' is thought to be a need to flow in a month, 'Jama'at-e-Chilla' (Jamaat of forty days which moves via states) in a year and 'Jama'at-e-ul Chahar-maah ' (Jamaat of four months which also moves to overseas) within the entire life of a Muslim character.

Muslim regions of Kulhaiyas have important mosques (Jama-Masjids) with at the least on Jamaat group for dawah coming from some particular part according to the supplied course from the Tablighi Jamaat workplace. The gadget works very easily and certainly. In mosques after dua the Jama'at proclaims humans to have a sit close to them and then they announced their motives of coming to the mosque and request the listeners to think of going to someplace creating a Jama'at. Kulahiyas take eager interest in hospitality of the Jamaatis in their mosques and after the namaaz presented, the host talks to the Ameer (the chief of a Jama'at) for hospitality earlier.

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Source :

  1. Kulah Aina-e-Purnea by Akmal Yazdani
  2. Kulhaiya Bridari by Kabiruddin Fauzan
  3. Vidyadhar by Kafayaituala
  4. Risely British Government officer
  5. Google search

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